The Arthashastra is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy authored by Chanakya (350-283 BCE).
Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was an adviser and a prime minister to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta, and architect of his rise to power. Other important works of Chanakya are 'Chanakya Sutras' and 'Chanakya Niti Darpanam'.
R. P. Kangle defines Arthashastra as "science of politics," a treatise to help a king in "the acquisition and protection of the earth". This text is divided into 15 books:
01 Concerning Discipline
02 The Duties of Government Superintendents
03 Concerning Law
04 The Removal of Thorns
05 The Conduct of Courtiers
06 The Source of Sovereign States
07 The End of the Six-Fold Policy
09 The Work of an Invader
10 Relating to War
12 Concerning a Powerful Enemy
13 Strategic Means to Capture a Fortress
14 Secret Means
15 The Plan of a Treatise